Burns fall into three categories: First, Second and Third degree. First degree affects only the outer layer of skin, causes pain, redness and swelling, but no blisters or scars and will require no further treatment after the redness has gone. Second degree affects the outer layer and the inner layer of skin. There is pain, redness and swelling, can also be blistering. These first two types of burns do not require rehabilitation. Third degree burns are by far the most serious, are less painful due to nerve damage and affect the outer layer of skin – or all the skin layers. Third degree burns always have scarring, often extensive; almost always require skin grafts, and always require rehabilitation.
The children of ANIQUEM suffer almost exclusively from third degree burns.
As the skin has been destroyed it cannot replace itself as in the first two cases, and thus the scar tissue (dead skin) replaces normal living skin. A burn injury heals as an inelastic scar tissue that results in a permanent tightening of the affected area. These so-called contractures can affect underlying muscles and tendons. They can pull joints out of position, and in young children, can inhibit growth of a limb. Physical impairment of limbs results in loss of function and mobility. The physical and mental scarring that ensues is painful to witness. For the child survivor, normal life can mean disability, isolation, loneliness and despair.
For children whose parents do not have expensive private medical care, there is no provision for rehabilitation. The steadily increasing patient load is testament to the need that ANIQUEM and CAFA are trying to meet.
BURNS leave scars that can last a lifetime.
You can help us to change that.